India has around 21 judges per million people, according to Justice Minister Kiren Rijiju

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Responding to a question on the expectation of cases, he said that the creation of subordinate courts is the domain of state governments.

Responding to a question on the expectation of cases, he said that the creation of subordinate courts is the domain of state governments.

India has about 21 judges per million people, Rajya Sabha reported on February 10.

In a written response, Minister of Justice Kiren Rijiju said that to calculate the judge-to-population ratio per million inhabitants in a given year, the Department of Justice of the Ministry uses the population according to the 2011 census. and according to the information available concerning the sanctioned strength of the judges. in the Supreme Court, the High Court, and the District and Subordinate Courts during the year in question.

“The judge-to-population ratio (judge per million population) to the sanctioned headcount of judges is 21.03 as of December 31, 2021,” he said.

The sanctioned strength of the Supreme Court is 34 while it is 1,098 for the 25 High Courts. Responding to a question on the expectation of cases, he said that the establishment of lower courts, including Fast Track Courts (FTCs) and their operation is within the domain of state governments in consultation with the respective high courts.

Seeking to provide speedy justice, the 14th Finance Committee had recommended the establishment of 1,800 FTCs over the period 2015-2020 and urged state governments to use the improved fiscal space available through fiscal decentralization to deal with specific cases of heinous crimes, civil cases relating to women, children, the elderly, other vulnerable groups in society, etc. and property-related matters pending for more than five years.

“According to data provided by the high courts through December 2021, a total of 898 FTCs are functional in 22 states and UT.

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